Ashes in the Seine

Seventeen-year-old French peasant girl hearing angelic voices,
leads troops in a 92-year war, with
armor, banner and sword from a prince-made-king.
She knelt at his royal feet but
he abandoned her to enemy and flames.

Jeanne D'Arc

c. 1412 – 30 May 1431)

Although Jeanne D’Arc led charges in the Hundred Year War, she did not engage in actual combat. She was a heroine of the French people and when prince Charles became King Charles VII, she was at his side. Nevertheless, when Jeanne D’Arc was put in the hands of the English, the King abandoned her. She was convicted of witchcraft, heresy, and even cross-dressing (which was considered a form of heresy). She was burned at the stake on May 30, 1431. She was 19 years old. Her ashes were thrown into the Seine.

The Index of Forbidden Books

One was written by a believer, 1632 –

Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems – 

really an argument between the Catholic Church

and Galileo, convicted of heresy for saying

that Earth is not the Universe’s center.

 

Galileo's trial

Galileo Galilei  pushes away the Bible at his trial for heresy by the Inquisition in Rome in 1633.  by Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmino